Rome overview

Rome (Italian: Roma [ˈroːma] (About this sound listen); Latin: Roma [ˈroːma]) is the capital city of Italy and a special comune (named Comune di Roma Capitale). Rome also serves as the capital of the Lazio region. With 2,868,782 residents in 1,285 km2 (496.1 sq mi),[1] it is also the country's most populated comune. It is the fourth-most populous city in the European Union by population within city limits. It is the centre of the Metropolitan City of Rome, which has a population of 4.3 million residents.[2] Rome is located in the central-western portion of the Italian Peninsula, within Lazio (Latium), along the shores of the Tiber. The Vatican City (the smallest country in the world)[3] is an independent country inside the city boundaries of Rome, the only existing example of a country within a city: for this reason Rome has been often defined as capital of two states.[4][5]

Rome's history spans 28 centuries. While Roman mythology dates the founding of Rome at around 753 BC, the site has been inhabited for much longer, making it one of the oldest continuously occupied sites in Europe.[6] The city's early population originated from a mix of Latins, Etruscans, and Sabines. Eventually, the city successively became the capital of the Roman Kingdom, the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire, and is regarded as the birthplace of Western civilization and by some as the first ever metropolis.[7] It was first called The Eternal City (Latin: Urbs Aeterna; Italian: La Città Eterna) by the Roman poet Tibullus in the 1st century BC, and the expression was also taken up by Ovid, Virgil, and Livy.[8][9] Rome is also called the "Caput Mundi" (Capital of the World). After the fall of the Western Empire, which marked the beginning of the Middle Ages, Rome slowly fell under the political control of the Papacy, which had settled in the city since the 1st century AD, until in the 8th century it became the capital of the Papal States, which lasted until 1870. Beginning with the Renaissance, almost all the popes since Nicholas V (1447–1455) pursued over four hundred years a coherent architectural and urban programme aimed at making the city the artistic and cultural centre of the world.[10] In this way, Rome became first one of the major centres of the Italian Renaissance,[11] and then the birthplace of both the Baroque style and Neoclassicism. Famous artists, painters, sculptors and architects made Rome the centre of their activity, creating masterpieces throughout the city. In 1871, Rome became the capital of the Kingdom of Italy, which, in 1946, became the Italian Republic.

Rome has the status of a global city.[12][13][14] In 2016, Rome ranked as the 14th-most-visited city in the world, 3rd most visited in the European Union, and the most popular tourist attraction in Italy.[15] Its historic centre is listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.[16] Monuments and museums such as the Vatican Museums and the Colosseum are among the world's most visited tourist destinations with both locations receiving millions of tourists a year, and the city hosted the 1960 Summer Olympics. Rome is the seat of several specialized agencies of the United Nations, such as the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the World Food Programme (WFP) and the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD). The city hosts the headquarters of many international business companies, such as Eni, Enel, TIM, Leonardo S.p.A., and national and international banks such as Unicredit and BNL. Its business district, called EUR, is the base of many companies involved in the oil industry, the pharmaceutical industry, and financial services. Rome is also an important fashion and design centre thanks to renowned international brands centered in the city. Rome's Cinecittà Studios have been the set of many Academy Award–winning movies.

Best EUR exchange rates at Interchange in Rome

Exchange EUR Interchange Buy Interchange Sell
Australian Dollar 0.643
Bahraini Dinar 2.257
Barbadian or Bajan Dollar 0.424
Brazilian Real 0.225
British Pound 1.157
Bruneian Dollar 0.625
Bulgarian Lev 0.494
Canadian Dollar 0.674
Chilean Peso 0.001
Chinese Yuan Renminbi 0.125
Costa Rican Colon 0.001
Croatian Kuna 0.138
Czech Koruna 0.040
Danish Krone 0.138
Dominican Peso 0.017
Emirati Dirham 0.231
Fijian Dollar 0.399
Gambian Dalasi 0.018
Gibraltar Pound 1.094
Guatemalan Quetzal 0.110
Hong Kong Dollar 0.105
Hungarian Forint 0.003
Icelandic Krona 0.007
Indonesian Rupiah 0.000
Iraqi Dinar 0.001
Israeli Shekel 0.230
Jamaican Dollar 0.007
Japanese Yen 0.008
Jordanian Dinar 1.195
Kenyan Shilling 0.008
Kuwaiti Dinar 2.793
Malaysian Ringgit 0.206
Mauritian Rupee 0.025
Mexican Peso 0.045
Moroccan Dirham 0.089
New Zealand Dollar 0.556
Norwegian Krone 0.105
Omani Rial 2.203
Peruvian Sol 0.254
Philippine Peso 0.016
Polish Zloty 0.240
Romanian Leu 0.206
Russian Ruble 0.013
Saudi Arabian Riyal 0.226
Singapore Dollar 0.608
South African Rand 0.062
South Korean Won 0.001
Sri Lankan Rupee 0.005
Swedish Krona 0.100
Swiss Franc 0.903
Taiwan New Dollar 0.027
Thai Baht 0.027
Trinidadian Dollar 0.125
Tunisian Dinar 0.281
Turkish Lira
US Dollar 0.897

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Rome news

Eight master teachers lauded in Rome

Eight teachers who are part of the New York State Master Teacher program are being recognized by the Rome school district. Director of Fine Arts and Engineering Technology Andrea Falvo is working …

3 days indicative positive
Suspect ruled unfit for trial at present

The Utica double homicide suspect has been ruled unfit to proceed in criminal court at this time, according to District Attorney Scott D. McNamara. After 29-year-old Naythen A. Aubain was charged …

3 days conditional negative
Siena College names Hunzinger to president’s list

ALBANY — Tristan Hunzinger of Rome has been named to the president’s list for the fall semester at Siena College. Hunzinger is a freshman majoring in biology. The Rome Free Academy graduate is …

3 days indicative positive
Utica man accused of assaulting, raping Rome woman

A Utica man is accused of raping a woman in Rome after assaulting her over the course of several hours. Police said Wallis A. Flagg, 30, became upset with a woman while hanging out with her at a …

4 days indicative neutral
Missing Rome man found

An 83-year-old Rome man reported missing Friday evening was found well and returned home, according to local law enforcement officials. Rome Police said Richard Mumpton was reported missing shortly …

4 days indicative neutral

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