Japanese Yen

Japanese Yen

The yen (Japanese: 円, Hepburn: en, symbol: ¥; code: JPY; also abbreviated as JP¥) is the official currency of Japan. It is the third most traded currency in the foreign exchange market after the United States dollar and the euro. It is also widely used as a reserve currency after the U.S. dollar, the euro, and the pound sterling. The concept of the yen was a component of the Meiji government's modernization program of Japan's economy; which postulated the pursuit of a uniform currency throughout the country modeled after the European decimal currency system. Before the Meiji Restoration, Japan's feudal fiefs all issued their own money, hansatsu, in an array of incompatible denominations. The New Currency Act of 1871 did away with these and established the yen, which was defined as 1.5 g (0.048 troy ounces) of gold, or 24.26 g (0.780 troy ounces) of silver, as the new decimal currency. The former han (fiefs) became prefectures and their mints private chartered banks, which initially retained the right to print money. To bring an end to this situation the Bank of Japan was founded in 1882 and given a monopoly on controlling the money supply.Following World War II the yen lost much of its prewar value. To stabilize the Japanese economy the exchange rate of the yen was fixed at ¥360 per $1 as part of the Bretton Woods system. When that system was abandoned in 1971, the yen became undervalued and was allowed to float. The yen had appreciated to a peak of ¥271 per $1 in 1973, then underwent periods of depreciation and appreciation due to the 1973 oil crisis, arriving at a value of ¥227 per $1 by 1980. Since 1973, the Japanese government has maintained a policy of currency intervention, and the yen is therefore under a "dirty float" regime. This intervention continues to this day. The Japanese government focuses on a competitive export market, and tries to ensure a low yen value through a trade surplus. The Plaza Accord of 1985 temporarily changed this situation from its average of ¥239 per US$1 in 1985 to ¥128 in 1988 and led to a peak value of ¥80 against the U.S. dollar in 1995, effectively increasing the value of Japan’s GDP to almost that of the United States. Since that time, however, the yen has greatly decreased in value. The Bank of Japan maintains a policy of zero to near-zero interest rates and the Japanese government has an extreme anti-inflation policy.

Ghanaian Cedi

Ghanaian Cedi

The Ghanaian cedi (currency sign: GH₵; currency code: GHS) is the unit of currency of Ghana. It is the fourth historical and only current legal tender in the Republic of Ghana. One cedi is divided into one hundred pesewas (Gp). After it gained independence Ghana separated itself from the British West African pound, which was the currency of the British colonies in the region. The new republic's first independent currency was the Ghanaian pound (1958-1965). In 1965, Ghana decided to leave the British colonial monetary system and adopt the widely accepted decimal system. The African name Cedi (1965-1967) was introduced in place of the old British pound system. Ghana's first President Kwame Nkrumah introduced Cedi notes and Pesewa coins in July 1965 to replace the Ghanaian pounds, shillings and pence. The cedi was equivalent to eight shillings and four pence (8s 4d) and bore the portrait of the President. After the February 1966 military coup, the new leaders wanted to remove the face of Nkrumah from the banknotes. The "new cedi" (1967-2007) was worth 1.2 cedis which made it equal to half of a pound sterling at its introduction. After decades of high inflation devalued the new cedi, it was gradually phased out in 2007 in favor of the "Ghana cedi" at an exchange rate of 1:10,000. In 2007 the largest of the new cedi banknotes, the 20,000 note, had a value of about US$2. By removing four digits, the Ghana cedi became the highest-denominated currency unit issued in Africa. It has since lost about 75% of its value.

23 Japanese Yen to Ghanaian Cedi exchange rates chart

23 JPY to GHS exchange rates graph
23 JPY to GHS Spot rate – This is known more formally as the ‘interbank’ rate. It is the rate banks or large financial institutions charge each other when trading significant amounts of foreign currency. In the business, this is sometimes referred to as a ‘spot rate’. It is not the tourist rate and you cannot buy currency at this rate, as you are buying relatively small amounts of foreign currency. In everyday life it is the same as the difference between wholesale and retail prices. The rates shown in financial newspapers and in broadcast media are usually the interbank rates.

23 JPY to GHS exchange rates table

Exchange JPY to GHS
23 Japanese Yen = 1.037 Ghanaian Cedi
46 Japanese Yen = 2.075 Ghanaian Cedi
115 Japanese Yen = 5.186 Ghanaian Cedi
230 Japanese Yen = 10.373 Ghanaian Cedi
Exchange Japanese Yen to Ghanaian Cedi
23 Japanese Yen to Ghanaian Cedi Cross rate – This is the rate we give to customers who want to exchange currencies that do not involve the local currency. For example, if you want to exchange Australian dollars into US dollars.

23 JPY to GHS exchange rates news

'Sayonara tax': Japan to charge international visitors depature fee

Leaving Japan will get a little more expensive for travellers starting this week.

7 days conditional negative
NZ dollar firms as trade talks, FOMC support global outlook - sharechat.co.nz

The New Zealand dollar rose as minutes from the Federal Reserve’s last rate-setting meeting and the conclusion of US-China trade talks left investors more confident about the global growth outlook

8 days conditional positive
Dollar Losing Ground As Year-End Approaches

WASHINGTON (Alliance News) - The dollar is pulling back against its major rivals Friday ...

20 days conditional positive
It's Bad; Times Are Really Hard In Ghana – Yvonne Nelson

It's Bad; Times Are Really Hard In Ghana – Yvonne Nelson

about 1 month indicative negative
Cedi, 7 Others Appreciate Against Dollar

Cedi, 7 Others Appreciate Against Dollar

about 2 months indicative neutral
Recent cedi depreciation is temporary - BoG Official

The recent blip in the foreign exchange market that saw a slight depreciation of the cedi against the dollar is short-term and a reflection of a spillover from external developments, an official of the Bank of Ghana has said.

about 2 months conditional positive
Akufo-Addo’s cedi performance in 18 months impressive than NDC’s 6 years – Ofori-Atta

The Finance Minister, Ken Ofori-Atta says although the cedi has come under extreme external pressure, its performance in the past 18 months under the Akufo-Addo-led administration is one of the best.

about 2 months indicative positive
The invisible hand of government in cedi depreciation

As the normal principle of economics says, when a domestic currency depreciates it makes the prices of goods and services decline compared to the international prices.

about 2 months conditional neutral

23 JPY to GHS currency converter