Japanese Yen

Japanese Yen

The yen (Japanese: 円, Hepburn: en, symbol: ¥; code: JPY; also abbreviated as JP¥) is the official currency of Japan. It is the third most traded currency in the foreign exchange market after the United States dollar and the euro. It is also widely used as a reserve currency after the U.S. dollar, the euro, and the pound sterling. The concept of the yen was a component of the Meiji government's modernization program of Japan's economy; which postulated the pursuit of a uniform currency throughout the country modeled after the European decimal currency system. Before the Meiji Restoration, Japan's feudal fiefs all issued their own money, hansatsu, in an array of incompatible denominations. The New Currency Act of 1871 did away with these and established the yen, which was defined as 1.5 g (0.048 troy ounces) of gold, or 24.26 g (0.780 troy ounces) of silver, as the new decimal currency. The former han (fiefs) became prefectures and their mints private chartered banks, which initially retained the right to print money. To bring an end to this situation the Bank of Japan was founded in 1882 and given a monopoly on controlling the money supply.Following World War II the yen lost much of its prewar value. To stabilize the Japanese economy the exchange rate of the yen was fixed at ¥360 per $1 as part of the Bretton Woods system. When that system was abandoned in 1971, the yen became undervalued and was allowed to float. The yen had appreciated to a peak of ¥271 per $1 in 1973, then underwent periods of depreciation and appreciation due to the 1973 oil crisis, arriving at a value of ¥227 per $1 by 1980. Since 1973, the Japanese government has maintained a policy of currency intervention, and the yen is therefore under a "dirty float" regime. This intervention continues to this day. The Japanese government focuses on a competitive export market, and tries to ensure a low yen value through a trade surplus. The Plaza Accord of 1985 temporarily changed this situation from its average of ¥239 per US$1 in 1985 to ¥128 in 1988 and led to a peak value of ¥80 against the U.S. dollar in 1995, effectively increasing the value of Japan’s GDP to almost that of the United States. Since that time, however, the yen has greatly decreased in value. The Bank of Japan maintains a policy of zero to near-zero interest rates and the Japanese government has an extreme anti-inflation policy.

Papua New Guinean Kina

Papua New Guinean Kina

The kina (ISO 4217 currency code: PGK, the currency symbol: K) is the currency of Papua New Guinea. It is divided into 100 toea. The kina was introduced on 19 April 1975, and circulated along with the Australian dollar until 1 January 1976, when the dollar ceased to be legal tender. The name kina is derived from Kuanua language of the Tolai region, referring to a callable pearl shell used widely for trading in both the Coastal and Highlands areas of the country.

35 Japanese Yen to Papua New Guinean Kina exchange rates chart

35 JPY to PGK exchange rates graph
35 JPY to PGK Spot rate – This is known more formally as the ‘interbank’ rate. It is the rate banks or large financial institutions charge each other when trading significant amounts of foreign currency. In the business, this is sometimes referred to as a ‘spot rate’. It is not the tourist rate and you cannot buy currency at this rate, as you are buying relatively small amounts of foreign currency. In everyday life it is the same as the difference between wholesale and retail prices. The rates shown in financial newspapers and in broadcast media are usually the interbank rates.

35 JPY to PGK exchange rates table

Exchange JPY to PGK
35 Japanese Yen = 1.002 Papua New Guinean Kina
70 Japanese Yen = 2.005 Papua New Guinean Kina
175 Japanese Yen = 5.011 Papua New Guinean Kina
350 Japanese Yen = 10.023 Papua New Guinean Kina
Exchange Japanese Yen to Papua New Guinean Kina
35 Japanese Yen to Papua New Guinean Kina Cross rate – This is the rate we give to customers who want to exchange currencies that do not involve the local currency. For example, if you want to exchange Australian dollars into US dollars.

35 JPY to PGK exchange rates news

Japan provides 510mn Yen to assist Pakistan’s efforts for polio eradication
Japan provides 510mn Yen to assist Pakistan’s efforts for polio eradication

ISLAMABAD: The government of Japan has announced to provide 510 million Japanese Yen in grant aid to support supply of the essential polio vaccine for the

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Japan provides 510 million Yen to assist Pakistan’s efforts for Polio Eradication - Pakistan

English News and Press Release on Pakistan about Contributions, Health, Children and Epidemic; published on 19 Nov 2018 by Govt. Japan and UNICEF

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Japanese Yen Strength Against USD Probably Worth Chasing For Now

The Japanese Yen doesn’t have many fundamental reasons to rise against the US Dollar, but its strength may have further to go in the short

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Week-Ahead Forecast For The GBP To JPY Exchange Rate: Eyes On BOJ Gov Kuroda And PM May Leadership

After weak performance in recent weeks, the Japanese Yen saw a resurgence in demand last week that helped it to capitalise against plummeting Pound

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Aid to assess climate change impact
Aid to assess climate change impact

Papua New Guinea will receive aid to assess climate change impact and create a more resilient future for its people, thanks to a new partnership brokered by the United States Agency for International Development.

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Papua New Guinea PM's firm won $32m contract despite 'serious irregularities'

Exclusive: report says Peter O’Neill’s firm may have violated anti-corruption guidelines

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'Not a magic pill': readers in PNG respond to the Apec summit
'Not a magic pill': readers in PNG respond to the Apec summit

As the country prepares itself for the arrival of thousands of people including world leaders, we asked locals what they think

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'We are suffering here': PNG rolling out APEC red carpet but locals living in poverty

In a country where poverty is rife, medication shortages are biting and there's just been a polio outbreak, some Papua New Guineans are struggling to square their day-to-day lives with the money being spent on the APEC summit.

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35 JPY to PGK currency converter