Japanese Yen

Japanese Yen

The yen (Japanese: 円, Hepburn: en, symbol: ¥; code: JPY; also abbreviated as JP¥) is the official currency of Japan. It is the third most traded currency in the foreign exchange market after the United States dollar and the euro. It is also widely used as a reserve currency after the U.S. dollar, the euro, and the pound sterling. The concept of the yen was a component of the Meiji government's modernization program of Japan's economy; which postulated the pursuit of a uniform currency throughout the country modeled after the European decimal currency system. Before the Meiji Restoration, Japan's feudal fiefs all issued their own money, hansatsu, in an array of incompatible denominations. The New Currency Act of 1871 did away with these and established the yen, which was defined as 1.5 g (0.048 troy ounces) of gold, or 24.26 g (0.780 troy ounces) of silver, as the new decimal currency. The former han (fiefs) became prefectures and their mints private chartered banks, which initially retained the right to print money. To bring an end to this situation the Bank of Japan was founded in 1882 and given a monopoly on controlling the money supply.Following World War II the yen lost much of its prewar value. To stabilize the Japanese economy the exchange rate of the yen was fixed at ¥360 per $1 as part of the Bretton Woods system. When that system was abandoned in 1971, the yen became undervalued and was allowed to float. The yen had appreciated to a peak of ¥271 per $1 in 1973, then underwent periods of depreciation and appreciation due to the 1973 oil crisis, arriving at a value of ¥227 per $1 by 1980. Since 1973, the Japanese government has maintained a policy of currency intervention, and the yen is therefore under a "dirty float" regime. This intervention continues to this day. The Japanese government focuses on a competitive export market, and tries to ensure a low yen value through a trade surplus. The Plaza Accord of 1985 temporarily changed this situation from its average of ¥239 per US$1 in 1985 to ¥128 in 1988 and led to a peak value of ¥80 against the U.S. dollar in 1995, effectively increasing the value of Japan’s GDP to almost that of the United States. Since that time, however, the yen has greatly decreased in value. The Bank of Japan maintains a policy of zero to near-zero interest rates and the Japanese government has an extreme anti-inflation policy.

Tunisian Dinar

Tunisian Dinar

The dinar (Arabic: دينار‎, French: Dinar, ISO 4217 currency code: TND) is the currency of Tunisia. It is subdivided into 1000 milim or millimes (ملّيم). The abbreviation DT is often used in Tunisia, although writing "dinar" after the amount is also acceptable (TND is less colloquial, and tends to be used more in financial circles); the abbreviation TD is also mentioned in a few places, but is less frequently used, given the common use of the French language in Tunisia, and the French derivation of DT (i.e., Dinar tunisien).

39 Japanese Yen to Tunisian Dinar exchange rates chart

39 JPY to TND exchange rates graph
39 JPY to TND Spot rate – This is known more formally as the ‘interbank’ rate. It is the rate banks or large financial institutions charge each other when trading significant amounts of foreign currency. In the business, this is sometimes referred to as a ‘spot rate’. It is not the tourist rate and you cannot buy currency at this rate, as you are buying relatively small amounts of foreign currency. In everyday life it is the same as the difference between wholesale and retail prices. The rates shown in financial newspapers and in broadcast media are usually the interbank rates.

39 JPY to TND exchange rates table

Exchange JPY to TND
39 Japanese Yen = 1.070 Tunisian Dinar
78 Japanese Yen = 2.140 Tunisian Dinar
195 Japanese Yen = 5.350 Tunisian Dinar
390 Japanese Yen = 10.701 Tunisian Dinar
Exchange Japanese Yen to Tunisian Dinar
39 Japanese Yen to Tunisian Dinar Cross rate – This is the rate we give to customers who want to exchange currencies that do not involve the local currency. For example, if you want to exchange Australian dollars into US dollars.

39 JPY to TND exchange rates news

'Sayonara tax': Japan to charge international visitors depature fee

Leaving Japan will get a little more expensive for travellers starting this week.

7 days conditional negative
NZ dollar firms as trade talks, FOMC support global outlook - sharechat.co.nz

The New Zealand dollar rose as minutes from the Federal Reserve’s last rate-setting meeting and the conclusion of US-China trade talks left investors more confident about the global growth outlook

8 days conditional positive
Dollar Losing Ground As Year-End Approaches

WASHINGTON (Alliance News) - The dollar is pulling back against its major rivals Friday ...

20 days conditional positive
Powerful union calls for strike as Tunisia marks revolt anniversary

In 2016, the International Monetary Fund granted Tunisia a 2.4-billion-euro loan over the span of four years in exchange for a promise to carry out economic reforms.

2 days conditional positive
Tunisians clash with police after journalist sets himself ablaze

Kasserine, TUNISIA: Tunisian security forces on Tuesday fired tear gas at protesters in the western city of Kasserine following the funeral of a journalist who had set himself on fire over harsh living conditions. Abdel Razaq Zorgi, a 32-year-old journalist, died late Monday. His death sparked protests in the city after dark and clashes overnight with police who fired tear gas

23 days indicative negative

39 JPY to TND currency converter