Japanese Yen

Japanese Yen

The yen (Japanese: 円, Hepburn: en, symbol: ¥; code: JPY; also abbreviated as JP¥) is the official currency of Japan. It is the third most traded currency in the foreign exchange market after the United States dollar and the euro. It is also widely used as a reserve currency after the U.S. dollar, the euro, and the pound sterling. The concept of the yen was a component of the Meiji government's modernization program of Japan's economy; which postulated the pursuit of a uniform currency throughout the country modeled after the European decimal currency system. Before the Meiji Restoration, Japan's feudal fiefs all issued their own money, hansatsu, in an array of incompatible denominations. The New Currency Act of 1871 did away with these and established the yen, which was defined as 1.5 g (0.048 troy ounces) of gold, or 24.26 g (0.780 troy ounces) of silver, as the new decimal currency. The former han (fiefs) became prefectures and their mints private chartered banks, which initially retained the right to print money. To bring an end to this situation the Bank of Japan was founded in 1882 and given a monopoly on controlling the money supply.Following World War II the yen lost much of its prewar value. To stabilize the Japanese economy the exchange rate of the yen was fixed at ¥360 per $1 as part of the Bretton Woods system. When that system was abandoned in 1971, the yen became undervalued and was allowed to float. The yen had appreciated to a peak of ¥271 per $1 in 1973, then underwent periods of depreciation and appreciation due to the 1973 oil crisis, arriving at a value of ¥227 per $1 by 1980. Since 1973, the Japanese government has maintained a policy of currency intervention, and the yen is therefore under a "dirty float" regime. This intervention continues to this day. The Japanese government focuses on a competitive export market, and tries to ensure a low yen value through a trade surplus. The Plaza Accord of 1985 temporarily changed this situation from its average of ¥239 per US$1 in 1985 to ¥128 in 1988 and led to a peak value of ¥80 against the U.S. dollar in 1995, effectively increasing the value of Japan’s GDP to almost that of the United States. Since that time, however, the yen has greatly decreased in value. The Bank of Japan maintains a policy of zero to near-zero interest rates and the Japanese government has an extreme anti-inflation policy.

Ethiopian Birr

Ethiopian Birr

The birr (Amharic: ብር) is the unit of currency in Ethiopia. Before 1976, dollar was the official English translation of birr. Today, it is officially birr in English as well. In 1931, the Emperor of Ethiopia, Haile Selassie I, formally requested that the international community use the name Ethiopia (as it had already been known internally for at least 1,600 years) instead of Abyssinia, and the issuing Bank of Abyssinia also became the Bank of Ethiopia. Thus, the pre-1931 currency could be considered the Abyssinian birr and the post-1931 currency the Ethiopian birr, although it was the same country and the same currency before and after. 186 billion birr were in circulation in 2008 ($14.7 billion or €9.97 billion).

4 Japanese Yen to Ethiopian Birr exchange rates chart

4 JPY to ETB exchange rates graph
4 JPY to ETB Spot rate – This is known more formally as the ‘interbank’ rate. It is the rate banks or large financial institutions charge each other when trading significant amounts of foreign currency. In the business, this is sometimes referred to as a ‘spot rate’. It is not the tourist rate and you cannot buy currency at this rate, as you are buying relatively small amounts of foreign currency. In everyday life it is the same as the difference between wholesale and retail prices. The rates shown in financial newspapers and in broadcast media are usually the interbank rates.

4 JPY to ETB exchange rates table

Exchange JPY to ETB
4 Japanese Yen = 0.977 Ethiopian Birr
8 Japanese Yen = 1.954 Ethiopian Birr
20 Japanese Yen = 4.886 Ethiopian Birr
40 Japanese Yen = 9.772 Ethiopian Birr
Exchange Japanese Yen to Ethiopian Birr
4 Japanese Yen to Ethiopian Birr Cross rate – This is the rate we give to customers who want to exchange currencies that do not involve the local currency. For example, if you want to exchange Australian dollars into US dollars.

4 JPY to ETB exchange rates news

Dollar falls as Fed officials ring note of caution, pound bounces
Dollar falls as Fed officials ring note of caution, pound bounces

By Richard Leong NEW YORK (Reuters) - The dollar fell broadly on Friday in the wake of cautious comments from two U.S. Federal Reserve officials about global economic growth, while sterling rose fo...

conditional neutral
USD/JPY Weekly Price Forecast - US dollar falls against Japanese yen for the week

The US dollar fell significantly against the Japanese yen during the week, as we continue to struggle with the ¥114.50 level above. That’s an area that shows resistance all the way to the 115 young level, so it makes sense that we would struggle to break above there.

conditional positive
Corporate Japan's net profits to inch up 1% in sharp slowdown

TOKYO -- Japanese corporate profits are on course to rise 1% for another record in fiscal 2018, an estimate that is significantly lower than the 34% j

indicative neutral
FOREX-Euro, pound firm after draft Brexit deal; yen strengthens
FOREX-Euro, pound firm after draft Brexit deal; yen strengthens

*Euro, sterling supported by draft Brexit deal. *Fed rate view, economic growth seen supporting dollar. *Graphic: World FX rates in 2018.

conditional neutral
Here’s how much Brexit turmoil might whack the British pound, analysts predict
Here’s how much Brexit turmoil might whack the British pound, analysts predict

Amid a new flurry of resignations on Thursday, Prime Minister Theresa May and her Brexit plans are vulnerable, throwing the British pound into a spiral lower as uncertainty looms.

conditional negative
Ethiopia: China Communications Construction Company to Construct Nib Insurance’s Head Office

2merkato provides business information for investors, suppliers, buyers, traders who are engaged or want to engage in business activities in Ethiopia.

conditional negative
Factbox: What is Ethiopia's METEC?

METEC is Ethiopia's largest company -- a sprawling military-run industrial conglomerate that has for years wielded significant influence in the economy and drawn suspicion from some that it is a vehicle for patronage by governing elites.

indicative positive

4 JPY to ETB currency converter