Japanese Yen

Japanese Yen

The yen (Japanese: 円, Hepburn: en, symbol: ¥; code: JPY; also abbreviated as JP¥) is the official currency of Japan. It is the third most traded currency in the foreign exchange market after the United States dollar and the euro. It is also widely used as a reserve currency after the U.S. dollar, the euro, and the pound sterling. The concept of the yen was a component of the Meiji government's modernization program of Japan's economy; which postulated the pursuit of a uniform currency throughout the country modeled after the European decimal currency system. Before the Meiji Restoration, Japan's feudal fiefs all issued their own money, hansatsu, in an array of incompatible denominations. The New Currency Act of 1871 did away with these and established the yen, which was defined as 1.5 g (0.048 troy ounces) of gold, or 24.26 g (0.780 troy ounces) of silver, as the new decimal currency. The former han (fiefs) became prefectures and their mints private chartered banks, which initially retained the right to print money. To bring an end to this situation the Bank of Japan was founded in 1882 and given a monopoly on controlling the money supply.Following World War II the yen lost much of its prewar value. To stabilize the Japanese economy the exchange rate of the yen was fixed at ¥360 per $1 as part of the Bretton Woods system. When that system was abandoned in 1971, the yen became undervalued and was allowed to float. The yen had appreciated to a peak of ¥271 per $1 in 1973, then underwent periods of depreciation and appreciation due to the 1973 oil crisis, arriving at a value of ¥227 per $1 by 1980. Since 1973, the Japanese government has maintained a policy of currency intervention, and the yen is therefore under a "dirty float" regime. This intervention continues to this day. The Japanese government focuses on a competitive export market, and tries to ensure a low yen value through a trade surplus. The Plaza Accord of 1985 temporarily changed this situation from its average of ¥239 per US$1 in 1985 to ¥128 in 1988 and led to a peak value of ¥80 against the U.S. dollar in 1995, effectively increasing the value of Japan’s GDP to almost that of the United States. Since that time, however, the yen has greatly decreased in value. The Bank of Japan maintains a policy of zero to near-zero interest rates and the Japanese government has an extreme anti-inflation policy.

Tongan Pa'anga

Tongan Pa'anga

The paʻanga is the currency of Tonga. It is controlled by the National Reserve Bank of Tonga (Pangikē Pule Fakafonua ʻo Tonga) in Nukuʻalofa. The paʻanga is not convertible and is pegged to a basket of currencies comprising the Australian, New Zealand, United States dollars and the Japanese yen. The paʻanga is subdivided into 100 seniti. The ISO code is TOP, and the usual abbreviation is T$ (¢ for seniti). In Tonga the paʻanga is often referred to in English as the dollar, the seniti as the cent and the hau as the union. There is also the unit of hau (1 hau = 100 paʻanga), but this is not used in everyday life and can only be found on commemorative coins of higher denominations.

50 Japanese Yen to Tongan Pa'anga exchange rates chart

50 JPY to TOP exchange rates graph
50 JPY to TOP Spot rate – This is known more formally as the ‘interbank’ rate. It is the rate banks or large financial institutions charge each other when trading significant amounts of foreign currency. In the business, this is sometimes referred to as a ‘spot rate’. It is not the tourist rate and you cannot buy currency at this rate, as you are buying relatively small amounts of foreign currency. In everyday life it is the same as the difference between wholesale and retail prices. The rates shown in financial newspapers and in broadcast media are usually the interbank rates.

50 JPY to TOP exchange rates table

Exchange JPY to TOP
50 Japanese Yen = 0.984 Tongan Pa'anga
100 Japanese Yen = 1.967 Tongan Pa'anga
250 Japanese Yen = 4.918 Tongan Pa'anga
500 Japanese Yen = 9.835 Tongan Pa'anga
Exchange Japanese Yen to Tongan Pa'anga
50 Japanese Yen to Tongan Pa'anga Cross rate – This is the rate we give to customers who want to exchange currencies that do not involve the local currency. For example, if you want to exchange Australian dollars into US dollars.

50 JPY to TOP exchange rates news

Japan provides 510mn Yen to assist Pakistan’s efforts for polio eradication
Japan provides 510mn Yen to assist Pakistan’s efforts for polio eradication

ISLAMABAD: The government of Japan has announced to provide 510 million Japanese Yen in grant aid to support supply of the essential polio vaccine for the

subjunctive positive
Japan provides 510 million Yen to assist Pakistan’s efforts for Polio Eradication - Pakistan

English News and Press Release on Pakistan about Contributions, Health, Children and Epidemic; published on 19 Nov 2018 by Govt. Japan and UNICEF

subjunctive neutral
Japanese Yen Strength Against USD Probably Worth Chasing For Now

The Japanese Yen doesn’t have many fundamental reasons to rise against the US Dollar, but its strength may have further to go in the short

conditional neutral
Week-Ahead Forecast For The GBP To JPY Exchange Rate: Eyes On BOJ Gov Kuroda And PM May Leadership

After weak performance in recent weeks, the Japanese Yen saw a resurgence in demand last week that helped it to capitalise against plummeting Pound

conditional negative
Tongan Vessel Undergoes FSHIL Makeover | Fiji Sun
Tongan Vessel Undergoes FSHIL Makeover | Fiji Sun

Captain Viliami Mafi has no regrets in bringing his vessel to Fiji to have it dry docked. Captain Mafi said the decision by his management to bring MV Tongiaki to...

indicative positive
Parliamentary delegation to cheer Mate Ma'a Tonga not confirmed

It will cost around $45,000 pa‘anga for the Tongan Parliament to send a delegation of six people, including the Speaker Lord Fakafanua, “to show Parliament’s unwavering support for Mate Ma’a Tonga” on Saturday. But the Clerk of the House said the figure had yet to be finalised as some MPs who are overseas might join the delegation in Auckland.

conditional neutral
Tongan valuable mats stolen in home break-in

A break in at a home in Ma’ufanga targeted valuable Tongan mats worth more than $3,000 pa'anga on October 15.

indicative positive

50 JPY to TOP currency converter