Japanese Yen

Japanese Yen

Japanese Yen overview

The yen (Japanese: 円, Hepburn: en, symbol: ¥; code: JPY; also abbreviated as JP¥) is the official currency of Japan. It is the third most traded currency in the foreign exchange market after the United States dollar and the euro. It is also widely used as a reserve currency after the U.S. dollar, the euro, and the pound sterling. The concept of the yen was a component of the Meiji government's modernization program of Japan's economy; which postulated the pursuit of a uniform currency throughout the country modeled after the European decimal currency system. Before the Meiji Restoration, Japan's feudal fiefs all issued their own money, hansatsu, in an array of incompatible denominations. The New Currency Act of 1871 did away with these and established the yen, which was defined as 1.5 g (0.048 troy ounces) of gold, or 24.26 g (0.780 troy ounces) of silver, as the new decimal currency. The former han (fiefs) became prefectures and their mints private chartered banks, which initially retained the right to print money. To bring an end to this situation the Bank of Japan was founded in 1882 and given a monopoly on controlling the money supply.Following World War II the yen lost much of its prewar value. To stabilize the Japanese economy the exchange rate of the yen was fixed at ¥360 per $1 as part of the Bretton Woods system. When that system was abandoned in 1971, the yen became undervalued and was allowed to float. The yen had appreciated to a peak of ¥271 per $1 in 1973, then underwent periods of depreciation and appreciation due to the 1973 oil crisis, arriving at a value of ¥227 per $1 by 1980. Since 1973, the Japanese government has maintained a policy of currency intervention, and the yen is therefore under a "dirty float" regime. This intervention continues to this day. The Japanese government focuses on a competitive export market, and tries to ensure a low yen value through a trade surplus. The Plaza Accord of 1985 temporarily changed this situation from its average of ¥239 per US$1 in 1985 to ¥128 in 1988 and led to a peak value of ¥80 against the U.S. dollar in 1995, effectively increasing the value of Japan’s GDP to almost that of the United States. Since that time, however, the yen has greatly decreased in value. The Bank of Japan maintains a policy of zero to near-zero interest rates and the Japanese government has an extreme anti-inflation policy.

1 JPY to USD exchange rates chart

JPY to  exchange rates chart

Japanese Yen news

USD/JPY Weekly Price Forecast - US dollar falls against Japanese yen for the week

The US dollar fell significantly against the Japanese yen during the week, as we continue to struggle with the ¥114.50 level above. That’s an area that shows resistance all the way to the 115 young level, so it makes sense that we would struggle to break above there.

conditional positive
Corporate Japan's net profits to inch up 1% in sharp slowdown

TOKYO -- Japanese corporate profits are on course to rise 1% for another record in fiscal 2018, an estimate that is significantly lower than the 34% j

indicative neutral
FOREX-Euro, pound firm after draft Brexit deal; yen strengthens
FOREX-Euro, pound firm after draft Brexit deal; yen strengthens

*Euro, sterling supported by draft Brexit deal. *Fed rate view, economic growth seen supporting dollar. *Graphic: World FX rates in 2018.

conditional neutral
Here’s how much Brexit turmoil might whack the British pound, analysts predict
Here’s how much Brexit turmoil might whack the British pound, analysts predict

Amid a new flurry of resignations on Thursday, Prime Minister Theresa May and her Brexit plans are vulnerable, throwing the British pound into a spiral lower as uncertainty looms.

conditional negative
Japanese Yen Falls Vs Pound, US Dollar As GDP Contracts By 0.3%

The Japanese Yen fell against all other major currencies as the figure of a quarterly contraction of 0.3% (bringing the annualized figure to -1.2%) hit the markets.

indicative neutral
Asia stocks trade mixed; pound strengthens amid progress on proposed Brexit deal

Theresa May told reporters in London that the draft Brexit agreement was "the best that could be negotiated" and said that it was a decisive step in the U.K.'s negotiations to leave the European Union.

subjunctive neutral
Japanese Yen Technical Analysis: USDJPY Slip Looks Corrective

The Japanese Yen has inched up against the US Dollar this week, but it remains short of fundamental support and looks likely to retrace its

conditional neutral
Plunging oil prices drag Wall St down

Australian shares are expected to open slightly lower, after Wall Street was hit by a large 7 per cent plunge in crude oil prices.

indicative negative
Dollar nears 16-mth high, sterling hit by Brexit uncertainty

Dollar index inches towards its 16-month high; Yen weakens to trade near the 114 handle

conditional neutral

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